Italy has announced a ban on rave parties and other musical events without permission, under threat of fines or lengthy prison terms.
President Sergio Mattarella signed the ban bill on Friday evening after parliament approved a bill put forward by the far-right government after a stormy session that the speaker ended with a historic move.
Organizers of these events face jail terms ranging from 3 to 10 years and a fine of up to 10,000 euros ($10,700).
Prime Minister Georgia Meloni and the government have said they want to crack down on illegal activities.
However, critics of the move argued that right-wing lawmakers included the bill in a package of other measures, including those related to the pandemic, to ensure its passage.
As part of the package, doctors and other medical staff who have opted out of COVID-19 vaccinations can return to work.
The previous government did not allow vaccine opponents to work in the medical sector.
Meloni reversed this in a decree issued in early November, and the measure became law.